White Privilege and Black Struggles


In a discussion in which I argued that racial discrimination is preserved and perpetuated in the cultivation of societal patriarchy – one opposing argument made by a white person is that too much emphasis is placed on race. “Everyone experience struggles in their lives. All lives matter,” she said.

The response is not uncommon among whites who take offense when Blacks speak against racism, challenge racial biases and assert their ethnic value. That Blacks – in demanding fair treatment, dignity and respect is perceived as an attack on white people’s value is perplexing. Blacks have been fighting against a white ideology of superiority throughout history, yet nowhere is it documented -past or present – that Blacks have argued for a position of superiority over whites.

One cannot help but wonder when confronted with these surface-level responses just how vast is our disconnect that many whites do not understand why Blacks fight against racial injustice? And are we even talking about the same struggles?  It is hard to conceive that one can remain ignorant in a climate so thick with racial discord. But conceptually speaking, can whites truly relate to the intersectional factors around race, sex, and class issues with which Blacks struggle? How many whites have ever ventured far enough outside the safe space that white privilege allows them to conceive of a reality in which Black boys and men are gunned in droves like animals – or locked away behind bars – sometimes-  for years for the same infraction for which a white man will walk free? Can whites whose world of privilege protect them from having a life in which their children do not have access to decent education understand the scant resources available to many inner-city Black kids?  Or being confined on a large scale in neighborhoods that are stripped of resources that are crucial to improving their lives – trapping them in a perpetual state of oppression one generation after the next?

The disconnect is real and it is vast. One can argue that while many whites will claim that they are not racist – few will acknowledge that their whiteness has for generations provided them with privileges that many Blacks cannot conceive. Understanding this element is essential in the way researchers, scholars and race theorists approach addressing  racism. To move forward as an equal and just society requires a collective mindset that we are strengthened by our diversity – that all men, women, and nationalities no matter their ethnic background deserve equal rights, justice, opportunities and fair representation. Fundamentally, what fraction of whites are willing to acknowledge that their white skin has provided them with privileges that many Blacks are denied? And what fraction of that group cares enough about the collective advancement to venture out of their safe space and get involved in bridging the vast racial divide?

There is profound hope that a large enough segment of the white population does care – and there is profound hope that those individuals will begin to ask questions that will allow for a more expansive and inclusive discourse. But there will also be – as James Baldwin alludes in his work –  those who will choose and will insist on remaining in a state of innocence long after that innocence is dead.

But as a starkly under-represented group – Blacks must continue to invest in advancing the population. And no – white and Blacks do not face the same struggles particularly around socio-economic, race, class, sex and gender issues.



There is No Force More powerful Than A Black Woman Determined to Rise

There is no force more powerful than the Black women determined to rise

There is no force equal to a woman determined to rise.” — W. E. B. Du Bois.

Resulting from historical and contemporary struggles around race, gender and sex biases, many Black women have developed extraordinary resilience, strength, courage and the ability to adapt and navigate harsh social and systematic conditions. In fact, many have found innovative ways to use their marginalized status to their advantage and are creating a space that they own. 

I concluded my dissertation with a significant paradigm shift on ways to best approach and expand the discourse , and correct the destructive, slave-era narratives about Black women. The dimensions that embodies and shape Black women’s lives are best captured not in their historical and enduring oppressions- rather, it is in their stories of survival, strength, endurance, resilience, and adaptability –  among  a plethora of other empowering attributes that the Black woman is captured and best understood.  Expanding the research about Black women’s unique, inter-sectional struggles from the point of power instead of oppression provides a more comprehensive and accurate answer to the fundamental questions, who is the Black woman, and what is her story?

The intelligent, accomplished and courageous women in my study who shared their lived experiences and observations of racism in America have inspired expanding the research. Indeed, the various dimensions of Black women are so complex that the study necessitates an in-depth exploration focused on Black women’s refined, acute, super-human like abilities to manage the challenges they face under oppressive and exploitative conditions.  One thing is certain; Black women are NOT the dis-empowered hopeless characters that the dominant narrative portray them. They are far from it! 

Justified Black Anger and Mental Health: Controlling the Narrative


It is important that we acknowledge the issue of Black anger against the systematic structures that keep a large segment of the population marginalized and trapped cyclical in oppressive conditions for what it is – justified. In recent years, extensive studies have shown that pervasive confrontation with racism can create feelings of powerlessness and depression that may lead to emotional and psychological harm. These findings are essential to the discourse on racism – equally important, particularly in this climate where racial tension is high and more Blacks are raising their voices, it is crucial, that a clear distinction is made between justified expressed anger and what determinant factors constitutes as a mental health condition.

Indeed, many are justifiable angry that Blacks have remained among the poorest, most economically disadvantaged, oppressed population from the slave-era into current times. Studies show that the same slave-era, racist ideologies and systematic structures have rendered the group greatest at risk across the spectrum for illnesses, physical, emotional and psychological abuse, poverty, homelessness, mass incarceration, unemployment, and underemployment – to name a few. These injustices have not only been passed down to this generation, but many can also envision these same chains around the necks and ankles of future generation. As such, many of us are angry and justifiable so, that…

1. Socio-economically, most of America’s wealth remains predominantly in the hands of the white ruling class. And with the vast disparities in socio-economic solvency, education, and political representation that are in place – there is little to no chance that these inequities will change.

2. The vast disparity between incarcerated Blacks and other groups, whites, in particular, indicates an immediate need for review and reform of the penile system. Instead, more jails are being built to host more Black bodies – leading to an epidemic of fatherless Black children who are left to be raised by over-worked and over-stressed single mothers struggling to survive harsh economic conditions. This domino effect places many Black children at risk for a life of drugs, crime, and systematic exploitation. Within the construct of these conditions, one can argue that long before many Black children becomes an adult, they are perceived as future criminals – that once old enough, even a minor offense can mark them convicts and ‘property’ of the same system that created the problems that led to these horrific outcomes.

3. It is hard-pressed to turn on the news and not see Black people being brutalized and treated like animals, getting arrested for sitting in Starbucks, white people calling the police for things as basic as napping in a common dorm space, getting fired for speaking out against racism, and that massive under funding in predominantly Black schools has led to high drop-out rates and illiteracy among many Black youth.

4. Negative slave era stereotypes still mark Black women as angry, unrefined, overly aggressive, out-of-control and a plethora of other intimations that deflect attention from the real issues that they face. As such, when they voice concerns about social issues that impact their lives, their interests are dismissed and their voices silenced. Despite women contributing to the workforce more than any other group, even those with comparative or more education, on a large scale, work menial jobs, are among the lowest wage earners and face a variety of intersectional challenges that renders them perpetually marginalized and struggling against oppressive conditions.

While it is necessary to address the adverse mental and psychological impact on Black lives resulting from racism, we must be careful not allow white America to label us as emotionally or psychologically disturbed when we express anger at the fact that slavery and its enduring adverse impact on Black people remain unconfronted and unaddressed. The danger here is that if the ideology of expressed anger at racism converges and takes root as a mental or psychological health ‘condition’, adding to the list of negative stereotypes, will be mental instability which will further marginalize and diminish the voices of those who speak out against racial injustice. An effective approach to silence us – is to discredit us- and we must be cognizant of all the ways in which that can happen.


Racism in The Workplace

In a climate thick with racial conflicts, the ability to deal with racism is not a problem that we can ignore. I have thought long and hard about my experience at VERIZON/ Fleetmatics. In September 2017, I filed a racial discrimination complaint against one of my co-workers who used a ‘monkey see, monkey do’ remark about Black football players kneeling in protest of racial discrimination and police brutality against Black people. Not long after, I learned that another co-worker referred to me as a ‘dumb nigger bitch’. I requested an investigation into that incident as well. Verizon/Fleetmatics eventually fired me. My co-workers who made the racist remarks were kept on staff. The adverse impact of speaking out has been life-changing. The situation made me realize that speaking out against racial discrimination in today’s climate can come at a serious cost. However, the realization strengthened my conviction of the necessity to speak against racial injustice. We cannot afford to be silent. Black people’s against racism perpetuates and helps to preserve the marginalization and oppression of the population.y

My reason for complaining was simple – let’s address racism so that we can at least attempt to understand the issue better- and hopefully – have a shot at resolving some of the race-related problems that we face. Not addressing racism when they occur is a missed opportunity that weakens the work-place community – and creates a space to continue on an insidious course where people think that it’s ok to express their racist ideologies that demean, belittles, and inflicts harm to others – without consideration and accountability.

Indeed, the topic of racism is a hot issue that many do not want to face – yet avoidance is no longer an option to deal with racial discrimination effectively. If we create the space to have open, honest conversations about race-related conflicts – it might be the opportunity that we all need to learn about others from a different ethnic background and ourselves. A compelling argument can be made here that despite America being a melting pot of diversity – many whites lack exposure to – and a broader perspective of other ethnic groups that is necessary for us to move toward a more equitable future for everyone. James Baldwin, said, “Not everything that is faced can be changed, but nothing can be changed until it is faced.”

I thought that the below article was worth sharing. 

Workplace Race Issues Can Be Solved IF We Address Them Openly and Honestly





Deciding to pursue a Ph.D. wasn’t a difficult decision. I consider myself a student of life. In every situation, be it personal, professional, social and otherwise – I commit to learn and grow into the person that I desire – and so that I may acquire the credentials, expertise and insights necessary to help others live their highest potential.

On Monday, May 7th, I successfully defended my dissertation and earned the title, Dr. Patricia Luckoo, Ph.D. My dissertation, “Deconstructing Negative Stereotypes, Myths and Microaggressions: Reconstructing Black Women’s NARRATIVE, Identity and the Empowering Nature of Ethnic Identity” explores enduring intersectional challenges with racial discrimination that remain a significant aspect of many Black women’s everyday experience. The research argues that a strong ethnic identity in self and group membership serves as a buffer against microaggressions.

Even though my study focuses on Black women, all are welcome to join the discussion irrespective of their ethnicity. A better understanding of each other is essential to our collective growth.

“I think the more we know the better we are. I mean not just facts. The more we know about each other, the closer we are to learn something about ourselves.”  -Maya Angelou-